Students answer questions about the characteristics common to living organisms – characteristics of living things worksheet pdf and plants. These are called the LIFE PROCESSES. Claim you FREE Summer pack for simple steps to get ahead!
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With an account you can track progress and measure results. Living organism are very diverse, meaning that they are different and varied. But although plants and animals look and behave very differently, they have characteristics in common. An African elephant has a lot in common with a daisy plant! Think about all the animals and plants that you have learnt about. There are some things that they all need and some processes that they all carry out.
The leaves of green plants respond to, and grow towards light. We respond to the world around us using our senses – sight, hearing, smell, touch and taste. As plants and animals grow and turn food into energy, they produce waste. Can you help them by matching these organisms with different ways of moving? Help Anzu sort them out.
As plants and animals grow, they go through different stages of their life cycle. Match these life cycles with the organism. All organisms, plants and animals, need food for energy and growth. What is the scientific name for animals which eat meat? Mai says that her rabbits would not like the same diet as Anzu’s cat: they eat green leaves and cereals. Mai and Anzu think carefully about diets. Mai’s garden, but they can’t remember the science word.
Sensitivity is another life process. We humans think we’re pretty clever, but some organisms have developed their senses to a high level which enables them to live very successfully in some environments. Mai says only animals do. Who do you think is correct? Animals have ‘adapted’, through evolution, to move in different environments.
Blue whales are mammals – just like us! Mammals give birth to live young and produce milk for their babies. Frogs are amphibians which means that part of their life cycle takes place in water. An oak tree is a flowering plant – OK, it’s a big one!
All flowering plants have this life cycle in common. Some animals do not look like the adult at all when they hatch from the egg. Caterpillars and tadpoles are examples of this. Plants capture light to make carbohydrate from water and carbon dioxide, so green plants make their own food. Animals have evolved to eat different diets.
Some only eat meat, some only eat plants, whilst others eat a mixture of the two. Animals which eat other animals are called carnivores. Their teeth and digestive systems have evolved to cope with a totally meaty diet. Many animals have evolved to eat plant material only. People who choose a meat-free diet are called vegetarians. Many animals have evolved to eat a very varied diet, including meat and plants.
Humans are omnivores, which is why a balanced diet is important for health. Some plants and animals have evolved to absorb oxygen from their watery environments. Fish have gills for example. Many plants live in water – both fresh, and salty like the sea! Nocturnal bats send out a high pitched sound which bounces back after hitting an object. It’s a good way to detect a tasty snack like a moth!
Fish have a line of nerves along their sides which detect movement in the water around them. Bees can see patterns on petals which we cannot and dogs have such a good sense of smell that they are able to detect drugs in Airport Baggage Departments. As human beings toddlers have a very good sense of taste. Plants and animals produce waste products. Plants produce oxygen when photosynthesising and carbon dioxide when respiring. We’re here to help your child succeed.